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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  November 3, 2009 6:30pm-7:00pm EST

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t.
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macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> accused of genocide and war crimes. radovan karadzic finally appears in court. >> i would really be a criminal if i were to accept these conditions to enter a trial on proceedings to which i am not prepared. >> the government for all afghans and an end to
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corruption. president karzai made the pledge to kickstart his controversial second term. the new treaty to streamline the european union is signed, sealed, and delivered. the czech president finally says yes. welcome to "bbc world news." coming up later for you -- he was jailed, convicted of trying to overthrow the government. a former british army officer is released. bac to buckets as the venezuelan capital struggles to cope with water rationing. a low tree. the former bosnian serb leader radovan karadzic has appeared in court in the hague on his fourth day of this trial on charges of genocide and war crimes.
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he declared he will take no further part unless he is given more time to deal with more than 1 million pages of evidence against them. prosecutors want to see him forced into court. we covered the civil war. >> there is a battle of control of this trial. radovan karadzic demanding more time to prepare his defense, the prosecution insisting he should not dictate the timetable. he said the prosecution was chaotic and sent him more than 1 million pages of evidence in the five months since may alone. >> no decision by any chamber can change the fact that i have thought about -- i have had only five months. with all due respect, it is five months only. i have been snowed under with all of this material. the prosecution was not trial- ready. >> the prosecution asked the court to get tough and either compel him to attend in handcuffs if necessary or to
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appoint a defense counsel to attend on his behalf. yesterday in his absence, they accused of the murder of more than 7000 muslim men and boys in july of 1995. they said they had radio intercepts that revealed one of his most trusted commanders ordering the murders as part of a preplanned operation. are you working down there, he has the support and it? of course we are working, he replies. kill them all, he says. don't leave a single one alive. they watched a videotape of serb forces ordering a captured muslim man to call on his own teenage son to surrender. >> your honors, the man being forced to call to his son, his remains were found in mass grave. his teenage son, to whom he was
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forced to call with the promise it was safe to come to the serbs, his remains were found in a mass grave as well. >> radovan karadzic says he will not be ready to listen to any of this for eight months. the judges said they will decide what to do about that by the end the week. the court has had a taste of the kind of evidence that radovan karadzic will one day have to face here. when that they will be is far from near because he has again succeeded in pushing it further into the future. in bosnia, this enduring sense of justice not yet done means that all these years on, the war remains unfinished business. bbc news, the hague. >> afghanistan post of president has welcomed his new chairman by promising to banish corruption. he said it tainted his country's government. karzai proffered an olive anch to is taliban brothers. there was no direct mention of
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his rival. andrew north. >> afghan president once more, but there was no victory celebration for comment karzai -- hamid karzai, just a pomise of reform. >> to make sure the taxpayers money coming to us from your countries is spent wisely and rightly by us, the afghan government and also by the donors themselves. >> he is bound to remove the stigma of corruption from his government. there was an olive branch for the taliban, urging them to take part in peace talks. they called president karzai a puppet. program to reintegrate the taliban is under way. it is being led by the former head of the sas. >> the money would not go to
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individuals. we do not see ourselves taking money, because that is paying money for bad behavior. this is about turning around and taking them away from the violent brethren. that money goes into the community and the environment, which we set out to do in 2001. the object is to give a better life. let's start doing it. >> for this to work, the afghan government also has to do much better at looking after its citizens. >> i think our president needs to make up his mind and bring some fundamental changes in his cabinet and his entire system. lots of death and international community is complaining about the corruption in afghanistan. >> after such a flawed election, president karzai is under huge pressure to show he can run a cleaner and more effective
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administration. the west is struggling to justify continuing to spend so much here. without a credible afghan government, there's little chance of turning back taliban insurgency. bbc news, kabul. >> more of the main store is for you. general motors canceled plans to sell its european car business opel. they agreed to sell it to magna, but in a statement, they ha made the decision because of improving business environment over the past few months. one of the most important thinkers of the 20th-century, the french anthropologist, has died. he was 100. use a leading exponent of structuralism. the italian government is to appeal against a ruling by the european court of human rights
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that bans crucifixe from classrooms. the court ruled the crosses are a violation of the parents' rights and children's freedom of religious choice. politicians have reacted angrily. the vatican is studying the ruling. events today paved the way for a new look europe. the eu will have its own president and there'll be fewer collective decisions that countries can veto. the signature of last of the czech president is on the lisbon treaty. it is a historic day for europe. ♪ >> you might have thought this controversl treaty was a done deal almost two years ago, when all 27 member countries came to lisbon to sign up to what they had agreed after years of haggling and argument. but there was one clue then to the trouble ahead, gordon brown missed the signing. britain always in a class of its
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own within europe, looked less than enthusiastic. in fact, it has been others who have held up the implementation of the treaty and kept its very survival the lead out. -- in doubt. the president of the czech republic finally agreed to sign ratification by his country, the last to do so. last month, the people of ireland will look -- reversed their rejection of the treaty. seven years of debate about reforming the european union are now ending. the treaty will be enforced from the first of december. the lisbon treaty is intended to streamline decision making and creates a new post of president of the european council, to increase -- to increase europe's influence in the world. national vetoes will be lost in critics fear more power will move to brussels.
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the treaty also gives members of the european parliament more powers to scrutinize legislation. today, as it became clear that it was secure, gordon brown gave his judgment. >> i hope that europe can set aside years of constitutional and institutional debate coming years of having to deal with institutional issues, and that we can move forward and deal with the main issues that the european union must now face, and that is how to create jobs, how to build growth, how to tackle climate change, how to build greater security for the peoples of europe. >> it is 20 years this month since the berlin wall came down, ending the division of europe east and west. that was a seismic vertical event that produced first a much expanded european union, and then the years of argument about a new treaty for that union.
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the treaty is now in place. bbc news. >> 5 foreigners convicted and jailed for plot to overthrow the government of the equatorial guinea have been pardoned and released. they include the man said to be the ringleader, a former british army officer. several prominent figures were implicated, including mark thatcher. he has alwaysenied involvement. our security correspondent has it. >> sentenced to die in a west african jail. the man at his trial last year in equatorial guinea. he was given a 34-year sentence for plotting to overthrow his government. his world had come crashing down. tonight, he has been shocked, pardoned and on his way home. he was only told he would be freed last thursday. with over 1 billion barrels of
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oil reserves in -- and wide disparities of wealth, editorial guinea might have been a tempting target for a coup. what went wrong? march, 2004, the plane full of mercenaries land to pick up arms. august that year, mark thatcher's arrested at dawn in south africa. september, and man is sentenced to seven years jail in zimbabwe. january, 2008, he is extradited to editorial guinea to face charges. in july, he is sentced to 34 years in the notorious black beach prison. today, mann is part and then set to fly home to britain. south africa's president is visiting shortly. equatorial guinea would like to clean up its international reputation. above all, they have cooperated fully with the authorities. >> they used in to get as much
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information as they could. having done all that, the last thing they wanted was for him to become some sort of cause. >> mark thatcher is the highest profile figure to be implicated. he pleaded guilty to bank rolling it. mann might now have more to say. >> it will be interesting when he gets back to the united kingdom. he will give us extra information. the trial process has been a regular. -- irregular. >> there's no question that he has been through hell. without a parting, he would not have survived his sentence. we may now have learned the full story of the mercenary. bbc news. >> good to have y with us. don't go away.
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why some muslims in azerbaijan believe new terror laws are an attempt stop them worshiping. doctors are urged to take another look at the treatment of millions of patients who take aspirin to prevent heart disease. the risks and benefits of a daily dose for people who have not already experienced our problems are finely balanced. this is from our bbc health correspondent. >> this man knows he has reached the age where he has an increased risk of having a heart attack ortroke. he works hard to keep fit and to eat well. like millions, he has also been taking a daily aspirin. he finds the latest advice somewhat frustrating. >> i'm confused now, you know? you tend to hope that what they say is true. i will probably go back to what i do know is ok. go to a gym, to exercise a few
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days a week. >> there is evidence that aspirin is beneficial for people who have had a heart attack or stroke. for those who have not had symptoms, the risk might be as great as the benefit. there is a call for change in the guidelines. >> for people who have not had a heart attack or stroke, the evidence now suggests there is a fine balance as to whether they get a net benefit. will it reduce the chances of having a stroke or heart attack? possibly. on the other hand, it might well give them a serious side effect, like a lead. it might actually do them net harm rather than good. >> for millions of people who currently take a daily aspirin to prevent the possibility of a heart attack or stroke, this means a change in have it. the best medicine to preventing heart problems remain staying active competing welcome anyone who is concerned should see their gp.
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>> just a reminder, you get more details on that and all the international news anytime you want it on our website, the latest headlines for you this hour, accused of genocide and war crimes, the former bosnian serb leader radovan karadzic has finally appeared in court. it might be the last time for a long time. afghanistan's president karzai has pledged a government for all afghans and offered an olive branch to is taliban brothers. in an early test of president barack obama's political pull, two states are choosing whether to stay blue, a democrat, that is. elsewhere, they are selecting congressman. our correspondent is in washington. >> the two big raids to what are in virginia and new jersey, where people are choosing their governors.
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there are face-off around the country. we are joined by the senior editor of this is a referendum on barack obama's popularity, as some say. republicans are feeling optimistic. >> republicans are trying to point to specific areas of the country where barack obama did very well in 2008 and say, we will win here. there are a couple of governorships out there, a prominent cgressional race, these are areas where barack obama did very well. if republicans take the vote, they can say this is a repudiation of the president's policies. >> it is partly because of economic things coming into play. unemployment, people are still worried about when the economy will bounce back. >> we have an interesting dynamic. president obama was personally more popular than his policies. he is well-liked domestically like he is abroad. when he starts getting into his economic policies, health care
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proposals, he is not what is popular, less than 50%. that is really what -- [no audio] >> what kind of republican party is it? the republicans themselves are some of split. >> that is right. we have a rift between the conservative elements of the republican party and the more moderate folks. they're going at each other. there is one congressional race in upstate new york where we're seeing the big lit and it is a question about the future of the party. that is probably the democrats' best hope on election day, the republicans blow themselves up and go into different directions. >> one more vote that is interesting, when i think about american society come in the state of maine, they're having a referendum on same-sex marriage. the state congress pushed this through in may. >> this is a real cultural touchstone in america.
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this is rather important because the big argument you hear against gay marriage from those who do not support it is, we don't want legislators and politicians pushing it through. people should do it. here we have a chance. we will get a sense of what the people think about the issue of gay marriage. >> i will keep watching that. thank you for joining us in the studio. we will have those results, reaction, and white house reaction tomorrow. >> a woman known as the godmother who headed a mafia- style game in southern china has been sentenced to 18 years in jail. she was found guilty of running underground casinos and bribing government officials. her trial was part of a crackdown in assert -- in a city of 30 million people. she claimed she kept 16 young lovers who helped to fuel public interest in the truck. muslim clerics in azerbaijan
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are complaining the government is shutting down mosques and liting activities. the author or -- authorities are trying their to -- the authorities are saying they're trying to uproot terrorism. >> he calls his fellow worshipers to prayer. in the back garden of his house in western azerbaijan. his mosque has been closed. authorities say it is because they need to restore it, but he thinks it is because the government is targeting him with a new law on religion, which was rewritten this year. during the spread of radical islam, it banned any muslim from leading religious practice. let me explain my view, he says. everyone should be free to follow their religion. they closed down mosques and it has made us angry. why did they do it? it should not matter that i spent time abroad. i think by closing the mosques, they have violated the law
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haveallah -- a lot of allah. >> the country has vast oil wealth and the government is worried about a tax -- attacks from extremist. the port of a planned attack in 2007 from people targeting embassies and some of the rural farms. they see this newaw as a vital step. unfortunately, those who study abroad want to bring the laws of their state into a azerbaijan. it has its own tradition of islam. we don't want to be another violent republic. the students in the capital are being taught the koran according to a curriculum cleared by a panel of a board. the government hopes that by teaching students in questions like this one, it can foster
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home grown as lawn. people can only lead religious ceremonies if they have their education in azerbaijan. critics say it is part of an attempt to stifle freedom of expression. in 2008, this mosque in the capital was shut, following a grenade attack apparently planned with the help of foreigners. the government clos it, fearing fundamentalism could also exist within the mosque. its members deny being radicalized and say the attack was an outside job. people say the government's effort to keep the country secure come at the expense of his religious freedom. he says he has not broken the law. with no sign of this loss preopening, his home remains his daily place of worship. bbc news in azerbaijan. >> people in the venezuelan
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capital are having to get used to dry tapped as they begin what might be six months of water rationing. large parts of caracas will be without water for up to 48 hours. >> caracas is a dry city. a two-day water rationing program has started across the venezuelan capital, expected to be the first of many in coming months as the water crisis begins to grow. the venezuelan president recently called on his countrymen to spend just three minutes in the shower to save water and electricity. he blamed the climactic affects el nino for empty reservoirs. there are few better illustrations of the water problems than this. hydrologist tell me that at this time of year, the end of the rainy season, it really should be about half full. but as it is, this is supposed to supply a large part of
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caracas. government be urologists agreed that he is right. elnino has hit venezuela hard. >> el nina has caused a drop in precipitation and a drop in rainfall this year has caused a huge reduction in the amounts of available drinking water as well as the hydroelectric power. >> the opposition is not convinced by the government's argument. they say a lack of investment in infrastructure rather than the weather has caused the current drought. >> the problem with the public services is that you cannot import them. boats cannot import water and electricity. you have to have publi organizations capable of expanding and providing for a growing population.
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>> in a shantytown, many people don't care what the causes are. they just know they don't have a regular supply of clean drinking water. they're dependent on tanker deliveries from the opposition- run local government, which come every two weeks. anything they need on top of that they have to buy at inflated prices. this tanker is the only supply of clean drinking water that these people can expect to receive this month. for the past 10 years, the government of president hugo chavez has prided itself on providing basic goods and services at low cost to the poor venezuela. when it comes to possible water, something is clearly going seriously wrong. >> we use very little water. we bade with small quantities. we recycle the water we wash up with for the lavator we bade using water from washing clothes. >> the government has promised
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to prioritize the problem of the water supply. critics accuse them of simply waiting for a solution to fall from the sky. bbc news, caracas. >> finally could not resist this. russia is world famous for its vodka, a precious commodity. imagine how this driver felt. the man steering the forklift hit a stack of vka bottles in moscow warehouse. watch that domino effect. within seconds, all the shelves came crashing down. $170,000 worth of alcohol was destroyed. thanks for being with us. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates, jr., and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world. >> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can count on. >> for conversations beyond the sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerry washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. presented by kcet, los angeles.
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